Latitudinal location

Geographical location

Living compartment

Marine habitat

OA Natural analog

Type of study

Incubation type

Study focus

Multiple stressors

Studied parameter or process

Type of community

Targeted group

Targeted kingdom

Targeted phylum

Targeted species
Publication year
Dataset author

Pangaea-DOI Year Title Abstract Author(s)

OA-ICC team

  • Yan Yang

    OA-ICC Data Curator, State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, China

  • Frédéric Gazeau

    OA-ICC focal point for data management, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche-sur-Mer (CNRS-SU), France

  • Carolina Galdino

    OA-ICC Project Assistant (Coordination and Networking), IAEA Environment Laboratories, Principality of Monaco

  • Ashley Bantelman

    OA-ICC Project Officer, IAEA Environment Laboratories, Principality of Monaco

Data and web engineering

  • Patrick Brockmann

    Data scientist and web developper, Laboratory for Sciences of Climate and Environment, France


This effort was initiated by Jean-Pierre Gattuso, Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche (CNRS/SU), France, as part of the EU projects EUR-OCEANS and EPOCA.

We would like to thank previous contributors to the data compilation :

  • Trevor Eakes (IAEA Environment Laboratories, Principality of Monaco)
  • Lina Hansson (IAEA Environment Laboratories, Principality of Monaco)
  • Marine Lebrec (IAEA Environment Laboratories, Principality of Monaco)
  • Anne-Marin Nisumaa (funding through EPOCA and OA-ICC)
  • Nassim Taalba (funding through EUR-OCEANS)

Thank you to the members of the SOLAS IMBER Ocean Acidification Working Group (SIOA) for fruitful discussions.


The data compilation is described in the following articles :

  • Yang Y., Hansson L. & Gattuso J.-P., 2016. Data compilation on the biological response to ocean acidification : an update. Earth System Science Data 8:79-87. Link to :
  • Nisumaa, A.-M., Pesant, S., Bellerby, R. G. J., Delille, B., Middelburg, J. J., Orr, J. C., Riebesell, U., Tyrrell, T., Wolf-Gladrow, D. & Gattuso, J.-P., 2010. EPOCA/EUR-OCEANS data compilation on the biological and biogeochemical responses to ocean acidification. Earth System Science Data 2(2) : 167-175. Link to :

Additional resources :

How to filter datasets

Go to the page “Filter datasets”. You have the possibility to:

  • Filter by keywords

    Click on “Spatial information”, “Experimental information” and/or “Biological information”, you will see bar plots showing the number of datasets tagged with each keyword and under each category. Click on these keywords to filter the datasets you are interested in. The list of keywords with explanations is available below. Regarding “Targeted species”, you can select the names from the popup menu or enter the species name(s) in the search window.

  • Filter by publication year and/or dataset author

    Click on “Bibliographic information”, and then click on search window under “Publication year” or “Dataset authors”, select the years or author names from the popup menu or enter year/author name in the search window.

The number of results displays beside the “Selection” button.

You can restart your selection at any time by resetting all filters individually (click on “Reset” at the right corner of each bar plot or search window) or by clicking the button “Reset all filters” at the upper-left corner of the page.

Download matching datasets

Once you have finalized your selection, go to the page “Selection”.

Right to the tab name, you will see the number of datasets selected. From the list, you could select the entries individually by clicking on the check boxes, or select all the entries by clicking on the first check box at the top. Once you have finalized your selection, you can click on “Download selection” to save the matching datasets as a single zip file on your local disk.

Unzip this file to get data files in separate folders. These data files can be opened using a text editor or any spreadsheet program such as Excel or OpenOffice.

View dataset on PANGAEA

On the page of “Selection”, click on the Id of dataset, you can see the dataset on the Pangaea webpage. More instructions on viewing dataset on Pangaea are available at the “Data description” and “Visualize and download data” parts on

How to cite the data compilation

To cite this data compilation, please use similar wording to the example below: “For this study, we relied on the data compilation from the IAEA Ocean Acidification International Coordination Centre (OA-ICC).”

Keywords description

  • Spatial information

    The location of study sites indicates where the studied organisms were collected or the location of the natural communities investigated.

    • Latitudinal location
      • Polar (above 66° 33' 39" N, below 66° 33' 39" S)
      • Temperate (above 23° 26' 22" N, below 23° 26' 22" S)
      • Tropical (below 23° 26' 22" N, above 23° 26' 22" S)
    • Geographical location
      • North Atlantic
      • South Atlantic
      • North Pacific
      • South Pacific
      • Arctic
      • Antarctic
      • Indian Ocean
      • Mediterranean Sea
      • Baltic Sea
      • Red Sea
      • Not applicable (geographical region not clearly indicated or organism(s) considered no longer representative of the study area, e.g. strains of phytoplankton cultured for many generations in the lab, or organisms collected in one region and transferred to another geographical region for the experiments).
    • Living compartment
      • Benthos
      • Pelagos
    • Marine habitat
      • Brackish waters (partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea)
      • Coast and continental shelf (all habitats other than estuaries with depth below 200 m)
      • Open ocean (the whole ocean below 200 m)
      • Deep-sea (restrict to benthic organisms living on the deep seafloor)
      • Laboratory strains (experiments using organisms which have been cultured for a long time in the laboratory)
    • OA natural analog (ONLY for field experiment and field observation)
      • Upwelling
      • CO2 vent
      • Estuary

  • Experimental information
    • Type of study
      • Laboratory experiment
      • Field experiment
      • Field observation
    • Incubation type
      • Bottles or small containers/aquaria (< 20 L)
      • Containers and aquaria (20 - 1000 L or < 1 m2)
      • Mesococosm or benthocosm (> 1 m2 or 1 m3)
    • Study focus
      • Entire community
      • Single species
      • Species interaction (2 species or more)
    • Multiple stressor
      • Macro-nutrients
      • Micro-nutrients
      • Inorganic toxins
      • Organic toxins
      • Other (Food supply, water flow, Ca2+ concentration, presence/absence of the predator cue, DOC concentration, intra- and interspecific competition, parasitic infection, diel-cycling pH, anthropogenic noise, pathogen exposure)
      • Temperature
      • Salinity
      • Light
      • Oxygen
    • Studied parameter or process
      • Mortality/survival
      • Growth/Morphology
      • Calcification/dissolution
      • Primary production/photosynthesis
      • Respiration
      • Other metabolic rates (e.g. Nitrogen fixation, Ammonia excretion, Concentration boundary layers, Enzyme activities, Carbonic anhydrase activity, Nitrate reductase activity, Extracellular release, Iron uptake rate, Net hydrogen production, Trace element bioaccumulation, Bacterial production, DMS production…)
      • Acid-base regulation
      • Biomass/Abundance/Elemental composition
      • Development
      • Reproduction
      • Behaviour
      • Gene expression (incl. proteomics)
      • Community composition and diversity
      • Immunology/self-protection
      • Other studied parameter or process (e.g. Mechanical properties, Isotopic fractionation, Bleaching, Sediment nutrient flux, Establishment of symbiosis, Trace element accumulation, Sinking velocity of aggregates of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi, Sensory quality, Amorphous calcium carbonate formation, Fitness (RNA/DNA), Bulk epiphytic mineralogy, Hemolytic activity, Diffusive boundary layer, Lysosomal stability and oxidative stress assays, Trophic flows …)

  • Biological information
    • Type of community (only apply to benthic communities)
      • Soft-bottom community
      • Rocky-shore community
    • Targeted group (does not apply to communities)
      • Heterotrophic prokaryotes
      • Nekton
      • Phytoplankton
      • Zooplankton (also include the larva of coral/mollusks/echinoderms/crustaceans)
      • Microphytobenthos
      • Macroalgae
      • Seagrass
      • Benthic animals
    • Targeted kingdom (does not apply to communities, based on WoRMS (
      • Virus
      • Archaea
      • Bacteria
      • Chromista
      • Protozoa
      • Fungi
      • Plantae
      • Animalia
    • Targeted phylum (does not apply to communities, based on WoRMS (
      • Chordata
      • Echinodermata
      • Arthropoda
      • Annelida
      • Mollusca
      • Nematoda
      • Platyhelminthes
      • Cnidaria
      • Ctenophora
      • Porifera
      • Chlorophyta
      • Rhodophyta
      • Phaeophyta
      • Ochrophyta
      • Haptophyta
      • Tracheophyta
      • Cyanobacteria
      • Myzozoa
      • Bryozoa
      • Charophyta
      • Foraminifera
      • Brachiopoda
      • Xenacoelomorpha
      • Proteobacteria

The number of studies investigating the effects of ocean acidification on marine organisms and communities are increasing every year. Results are not easily comparable since the carbonate chemistry and ancillary data are not always reported in similar units and scales, and calculated using similar sets of constants.

In response to this problem, a data compilation is hosted at PANGAEA Data Publisher for Earth and Environmental Science and maintained in the framework of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) project “Ocean Acidification International Coordination Centre (OA-ICC)” in collaboration with Xiamen University. The goal of this data compilation is to ensure the archival and streamlining of data on the biological response to ocean acidification (and other environmental drivers), as well as to provide easy access to the data for all users. Published data are made available to the scientific community in a coherent format and with a citable DOI.

Our team extracts data directly from tables or figures in published papers, or downloads the data from other data repositories such as the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO), the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) and the Australian Antarctic Data Centre (AADC). Finally, we are contacting authors to collect data which are not readily available in the papers or other data repositories.
As part of the effort, the carbonate system variables are recalculated in a consistent way. Authors are always contacted to quality-check their data sets before archiving.

The compilation currently includes data from over 1500 data sets from more than 1550 papers.

The list of papers currently included in the database can be consulted from the "Included/not included papers" tab.

If any of your published data are not currently included in the database, please do not hesitate to contact us. The OA-ICC thanks you in advance for sharing your data, it is a great way to get more cited!

Reference DOI Pangaea-DOI Included/Not included Reason for non inclusion Country/Region Year